YAMAHA「先駆者が創造するオリジナルギター」 - TC楽器 - TCGAKKI


[Origin that started moving to 1965]

In 1965, YAMAHA, which manufactured and sold the original guitar "dynamic guitar" with steel string specifications, started developing folk guitars in 1965.
It is said that he started developing guitars for exports in response to the US market request that he wanted a reasonable price guitar.

At that time, the music scene in Japan was full of electric guitars as represented by ventures. The word "100 million electricity" was born.
In the United States, the modern folk movement has begun, and both electric and forks are selling Japanese guitars for beginners.


[Two FG models that appeared]

The following year, in October 1966, the first domestic original design, the first folk guitar, "FG-150" and "FG-180", will be released.
Production begins with the idea of ​​dipping the size from the start of the domestic FG series. It was a slightly smaller "FG-150" and "FG-180" on the Western body.
The specifications other than the size are the same, the top material is spruce veneer, the side is 3 pieces mahogany plywood, and the back is a mahogany veneer.
However, in a few months from sales, the specifications are changed to plywood.

The characteristic is the scale. While a normal acoustic guitar is about 650mm, YAMAHA adopts 634mm.
It can be said that it was designed according to the Japanese physique. Bracing is X bracing. The label is "Light Green Label".

The list price of the "FG-150" is 15,000 yen, and the "FG-180" list price is 18,000 yen, but since it is in the 1960s, it is equivalent to one month of adult.
Even though it was said that it was cheap, the guitar was still a gem of the era when it was still luxury.



[Age of catching up]

In 1967, a full -fledged fork movement arrived in Japan.
An unprecedented folk boom, including the huge hit of Folk Kurceders' "Yoppara returned".
Whether it was sensitive to the times or timing, YAMAHA launched the low-priced version of the FG-150 "FG-110" and the 12-string "FG-230" in April.
In 1968, a minor change was made and responded to the era. From this year, the "green label" was abolished, and the "red label" appeared, and the YAMAHA guitar spread quickly into the market.

In 1969, YAMAHA discontinued the production of solid guitar against FG, which was completely tracked.
The young people pay attention to YAMAHA's FG due to the benefits of high economic growth. In March, the "FG-140", the low-priced version of the FG-180, was released. In May, "FG-350" and "FG-500" were released.
By the way, the "FG-500" is known as a rare model that is still particularly difficult to obtain because the initial rod has a side & back specification.


[Appearance of one designer who changed the times]

In 1970, YAMAHA was forced to sell FGs so that it could not be planned for new models, as well as minor changes in existing products, and were forced to produce and send it to the market.
YAMAHA, who aims to expand the business, invites one designer in 1971 to aim for a global standard. This is Terumi Nakamoto, the rare guitar designer "Terry Nakamoto".
A project that was developed mainly by Terry Nakamoto will send a full-handed luxury lineup of "FG-1500", "FG-2000", and "FG-2500".

There is an event that reacts the music scene to the future forecast of YAMAHA. Surprisingly, Bob Dylan, who is the center of the scene, used the FG-1500!
This triggered the name of the YAMAHA acoustic guitar to the top of the world in no time!



[From the end of the red label to the appearance of a new color label]

The "red label" with a design with a wide tip of the head was renewed to "Green Label" in 1972.
From the "green label" model, the head design changes and it becomes a tapered type.
Since then, we have made minor changes to "Black Label" in 1974 and "Beige Label" in 1980.

In the Green Label era, the first characteristic model appeared.
The "FG-350E", which is the built-in model, is equipped with an adjustable bridge, and the "FG-600S" adopted Sunburst.
Furthermore, in conjunction with the booming era background that continues, the intermediate price such as the "FG-580", "FG-630", "FG-700", "FG-850", and "FG-1000" are enhanced as a vertical lineup. Many models also appeared.

In the black label era from 1974, it will be a lineup of a total of 25 models.
It can be said that it was the most fulfilling time, with the balance between the demand from the music scene and the shared from YAMAHA.


[Birth of the new axle L series]

The new tradition started with the release of the L-31 in December 1974 was the L series. The L series that could never be called a reasonable price of 50,000 yen even for the lowest model.
A jumbo body is used to hit the world as a yamaha new era jockey. Players who are conscious of overseas music scenes have gained a certain reputation, and the goodness of FG according to the Japanese body shape has also been re -evaluated.

The following year, in 1975, a custom model acoustic guitar, which will be called by the name of "L Shitenno", will appear.
"L-51 CUSTOM" with asymmetrical design, "L-52 Custom" of J-200 type jumbo body, "L-53 CUSTOM", which features inlays from head to fingerboard, DOVE taste. There are four "L-54 Custom" of the overflowing maple body.
The leather label is of course a handwritten inspection sign of this person. That's right, Terry Nakamoto.

Similarly, in 1974, the L series was popular as a standard model and in the current used market, "L-5", "L-6", "L-7S", "L-8", "L-10" L-12S, "L-12SN", and "L-15" are announced at once. In addition, it will be dropped on the market until the 12-string specification "L-12-5, L-12-8".


[FG series and L series at the time of modern times]

The FG series changed to "Ivory Label" in March 1986 and was a full model change. The head has a "pigeon" design, and is so commonly named "Pigeon FG".
The epidemic of music was also mainly based on electric bands, and the FG series was compared to the L series and changed its role as an entry model.
On the other hand, the L series has been loved for a long time until the LL series appeared in November 1985, and it reigns as a Standard model of YAMAHA.


[Future with YAMAHA acoustic guitar]

In the 1990s, old FG began to become a hot topic in the streets, and in October 1995, the reprint of the FG-180 and FG-150 will be released to commemorate the 30th anniversary of the FG series.
It's the first time that a domestic brand has reprinted its acoustic guitar, as it is nothing.

The clock advanced and in November 2000, YAMAHA released the world's first guitar "FG-B1N" and "FGX-B1N" using "bamboo" for the first time in the world.
Until then, "bamboo" was impossible to process the guitar, but from the environment and the high supply power as a resource, YAMAHA challenged and achieved it as a mission.
As an aside, YAMAHA will then manufacture drums using bamboo.

In March 2002, "THE FG" was released, and at the same time developed "THE FS". After a little time, he reprinted "L-51 Custom" in 2010. In 2012, he reprinted "L-53 Custom".
By simultaneously conducting an acoustic guitar development that suits the present era and a good old acoustic guitar, YAMAHA may be looking for a way to the 2020s to come.

In recent years, the handling of wood itself is attracting attention, and the hands of people who enjoy music have an acoustic guitar.
Some people play the song with the memories of the time with the vintage YAMAHA in their hands, some people hold down their first code in their hands.
It has been more than 50 years since the first FG appearance. No matter what YAMAHA acoustic guitar of any age, it may have the history, skills and passion cultivated by YAMAHA.