タカノのドキドキ ギターいじり-メンテナンス初級編- - TC楽器 - TCGAKKI

-Maintenance beginner-

Those who say, "I'm glad I bought a guitar, but do I need some care?" Don't think too hard! Certainly, maintenance is very important for maximizing your guitar abilities (= easy to play)! But if you do it frequently, there is nothing so hard. Because it is a guitar I got, I want to keep the best condition with simple daily care. Practice with an easy -to -play guitar feels better, and above all, it's faster!
Here, we will introduce the beginner of the guitar maintenance that will help those who have just started a guitar or who are thinking of starting from now on.

I'm disappointed if the important guitars I got are full of fingerprints or dusty. Various care goods such as cleaners are on sale, but if you care frequently every day, it is enough to wipe with a cloth. However, there are places where it is difficult to reach every day and it is difficult to reach under the strings, so let's polish it neatly after replacing the strings.

Introducing care goods
Cross, lemon oil, fingerboard lubricant, contact resurrection material, polish

First, use polish to wipe the guitar body. If the dirt is strong, such as dust, remove the approximate dirt with dry wipe before using polish. Be sure to choose a lacquer -painted guitar that has a lacquer compatible.

Polish a small amount to the cross. If you attach too much in large quantities, it may become cloudy and cloudy. The trick is to wipe in one direction.


Around PU bridge
Let's clean the places that are not usually reached because we removed the strings.

 

The pickup comes off when you remove the 4 -corner screw in the escalch.

 

 

 

 

It is a place where dust is very easy to stick to the side of the pickup.

 

 

 

 

In addition, there are many cases where the model is written on the back of the pickup, and the year of manufacture is written. The guitar in the photo is YAMAHA SA200S. If you remove the pickup, you will find SA 56.5.9. It is a stamp date on May 9, 1980. Such discoveries are also interesting

 

 

 

 

 

The bridge is also a place where the cleaning hand is out of reach if the strings are usually stretched. Dive under the saddle and wipe it on the left and right.

 

Removing the saddle can be more clean, but this is a good way to do it quickly and easily.

 

 

 

 

Here, let's check if there is no loosening of each part. Is the pickguard and escutting screw loose? Also, there are so many jack nut loosening. If this is shaken, you will get noise and noise. I will tighten it using a box wrench,Be sure to remove the entire plate and hold down from the back sidePlease tighten from. If it is only from one side, the jack body will turn around and the wiring may be screwed.

Apply fingerboard protective oil such as lemon oil to the rose fingerboard. This protects the fingerboard from drying. Be careful not to apply too much. After applying an appropriate amount (OK with a few drops), wipe it off with dry wipe. (I have been painted too much and have been left for a long period of time, so I have rusted the fret.) I think this should be done several times a year, about the season change. In the case of maple fingerboard, oil is not required.

As long as you play the guitar, this work will be attached all the time. Rusted strings do not match the pitch, as well as beautiful tones. In addition, if the winding method is good, it will also lead to jumping and tuning crazy. It smells a little more, but first of all, if this is not solid, the path of the guitar improvement will be far away.

Required tools
Nipper, winder, wrench, scale, various drivers, box wrench

Strat
The pegs that are six in the same direction in the same direction are called 6 lines (6L). Sherler type (right) and Crewson type (left), which are often used in general strat.

The winding method is slightly different depending on the shape of the string post.
・ If there is a hole next to the string post

First, the strings are passed through the hole and the part that is wrapped around the post is returned, but if this is too long, it will not be able to be rolled or will lead to the madness of tuning. Don't be too short. The standard is about 2-3 laps.Point here! How long is two or three laps? It seems that there are quite a lot of people who are confused here. Approximately two to 2 and half of pegs! It is just a good length to wind this length.

It is a good idea to fold the landmark.

This length is about 2-3 laps.

If you have 1 or 2 strings, try to assume that there is a string post ahead.
Next, how to wind it, starts with the clock in the direction of the clock from the string post. Wrap the top of the string through the hole for one week,

After that, we will wind down.
The beginning of the strings is sandwiched up and down. Wrap the gap between the strings so that the gap does not open or intersect.

This is a useless way of winding the strings. Tuning is not stable.

・ If there is a hole on the top of the string post

In this case, first insert the string from the top of the hole to the bottom and bend it on the left or right. This is the depth of the string post.

The difference from the pegs in the horizontal hole is that it is rolled after cutting the strings. Next, the length of the winding described in the previous section is the length of the current hole, and the end part is unnecessary length, so it will be cut with a nipper. However, it is not very good to cut the bachin as it is, "Hi, so." This is because the cut shock may peel off the core and winding of the string. It is better to bend it as shown in the picture and then cut it.

After that, wrap it down in the reverse direction. Be careful not to cross strings.

 

Les Paul
Three left and right things are called 3: 3. The 1, 2, and 3 strings are clockwise for the strings. The 4, 5, and 6 strings are wrapped around the clock.

Basically, it is the same as "if there is a hole next to the string post" described in [Strat], but the length of the strings is about one and a half. Please note that this may not be the same depending on the height of the string post.

・ Life of strings
So how often do you want to change the strings? Opinions vary from person to person. The most common answer was about 1-2 months. Of course, it depends on the frequency of playing the guitar, but if you play it as a hobby, I think it's good. However, it seems that it is not unusual for guitarists who do the performance to play every time they play. Also, every time the performance is over, wiping with a dry cloth, etc., or spraying something like a slide move and wiping dry seems to be longer.
Also, I think that it is often the case that only the first string has been cut, but if it is not just replaced with a new one, I think it is better to change everything.

The surface of the neck and how far the strings are. Strictly speaking, it refers to the top of the mountain of the fret and the gap at the bottom of the string. Measure the 12th fret using the scale on the 1st and 6th strings.

There is an appropriate string height setting depending on the guitar, but it is generally about 1,5mm to 2,0mm on the 1st string side 12 frets, and about 2,0mm for 12 frets on the 6th string side. This is not a guide and there is no correct answer. However, this height is a very important setting item that directly affects the actual performance, in detail, directly to the sound. The lower the string height, the higher the performance, but the low string height setting may be connected to the bilk. Also, if the setting is high, you will need grip strength to hold down the string, so it may be inconvenient to use techniques such as fast playing. The string tension (tension) becomes stronger, so the sound is improved. Find the string height that suits you and your guitar according to your own play style or preference.

Strat
The strat is adjusted by changing the height of the screws of the saddle of each string. The hexagonal wrench has a inch size (1,27mm) and a millimeter (1,5mm). Generally, domestic guitars are often used for millimeters and inches for overseas guitars. The saddle is set to be a mountain, according to the curved surface of the fingerboard (called R).Point here!Even if it is a mountain, the saddle itself will be parallel to the bridge!

You can see a guitar whose saddle itself is also set diagonally.This is a mistakeis.

Les Paul
General Les Paul bridges cannot set each string in detail. If you decide with the adjuster on the first string side and the 6th string side, the other string height will naturally be reduced. The bridge should be set while lowering from a slightly higher place.

Despite the tuning with a tuner, I feel that it doesn't fit when I play the high position ... This is the so -called octhab tuning. To put it simply, if you hold down the open string, the tension will be added to the string as much as you hold down, so the pitch will naturally increase. It is octava tuning to lower the position of the bridge by lowering the upside. Add 12 frets.

First, use the tuner to tune as usual. Next, make the saddle back and forth so that the pitch of the 12th fret holds down the pitch of the 12th fret harmonics matches.
* If the actual sound is high → move the saddle back, and if it is low, move it forward.

・ What is harmonics?
Harmonics is picked in a lightly touched state, rather than holding the strings on the position of the string fret. If you are not used to it, your fingers can be touched with the strings. Still, some kind of harmonics sound comes out. If you get used to it, release your finger at the picking timing and you will hear a beautiful sound.

* When the octave tuning is replaced with a new string, the neck condition and the string height should be adjusted.

Originally, this special project itself is "maintenance beginner", so I thought it would be a good idea to write a thing from here, but one set of strings replacement → neck adjustment → string height setting → octava tuning. I will introduce it easily because it is the flow of. If you don't understand the neck adjustment, don't overdo it.

When the strings are stretched (when the tuning is right), the neck of the guitar is about 70kg. Nevertheless, the neck of the guitar is designed to withstand its weight, but the neck is warped due to temperature, humidity, or long -term neglect. The warpage of the neck is roughly divided into two types of "allegations" (figure below) and "reverse violation" (figure below). If the neck is warped, the string height may increase and it may be difficult to play, or conversely, the strings hit the fret and the sound may be clogged. In that case, the neck is equipped with an iron rod called a truss rod, and by turning this truss rod, it can be corrected if the neck is warped to some extent. The truss rod has a type that is adjusted from the head side and a type to adjust from the neck joint side.

・ The truss rod is adjusted from the head side

・ Type to adjust from the neck joint side

The type to be adjusted from the head side is adjusted using a pipe wrench or hexagonal wrench. The size of the wrench varies, and when you buy a guitar, it may come with it. Please note that if you force it with a wrench that does not match the size, the receiving side may lick and you may not be able to adjust it.

If you want to adjust the violent, turn it clockwise. At this time, do not turn too much at once. Turn it little by little to see the situation. This is a repetition. In the case of reverse, turn it in the opposite direction to the clock. Also, depending on the neck, there are things that are hard to work on the opposite side and those that have an effect. If you try it out, please consult a professional such as a musical instrument store.

The same applies to the neck end side, with a hexagonal wrench type and a cross -shaped type. It is a cross -shaped, but here should be a large flathead screwdriver.

Also, if this truss rod is forcibly turned, it may break or come off the fixed part on the other side, so it takes a little experience and knowledge to handle it. If you get lost, please do not overdo it and consult a musical instrument store.


How was it? "Thinking guitar tampering" series, maintenance beginner. If you can do this, you will be able to practice comfortably with peace of mind. Also, if the problem does not solve the problem with the above, I think it is important to leave the basic maintenance yourself. As I wrote earlier, practicing with a guitar that is easy to play is much faster.

I hope you can help you improve your guitar.

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