タカノのドキドキ ギターいじり-ピックアップ交換入門編- - TC楽器 - TCGAKKI

-Pickup exchange introduction-

If you buy hundreds of guitars a year, and look at them, you will notice that many guitars have been replaced unexpectedly. Probably, I was dissatisfied with the sound of the guitar I am currently using, so I changed it to solve it. I can't afford to buy a new guitar because I like the budget, I like my neck shape, or I can't find my favorite guitar ... If so, you probably have a way to solve the problem yourself. What if someone who has the same trouble is still an introductory person?
With that in mind, I created this special project. I hope it will trigger something to solve your own guitar problem.

Many amateur musicians (professionals!?) Are at least some complaints and problems in their musical instruments and sounds. Isn't there a lot of people thinking about replacing pickups as a chance to solve them? In addition, I think that it is a big reason to remodel your instrument into a special entity by replacing it with colorful color variations and vintage -processed PU covers with plenty of vintage.

 

What is the effect? For example, can you get the same sound if you replace it with a famous musician signature model? The answer is unfortunately "no". Even if you use a signature model guitar, the same sound should not come out because the equipment used, the environment, and the person who play it anyway are different. Strictly speaking, that may be the case. Also, this may be a big deal, but it's a waste to put an expensive pickup on a cheap guitar! I think there are such opinions. I don't think this is a bit different in my opinion, and I can't say that. Certainly, most of the value of the guitar and the good and bad of the sound are the accuracy of materials and production. However, just replacing the pickup will surely change the sound. (The difference in the width of the change, of course, is both good and bad ...) If it is a pickup that you choose yourself, even if it is a little bit of your favorite sound, that alone will be joyful. it might be.

Even if you say pickup, there are various variations. That said, because there are sizes of single coils, hambuckers, etc., not all things are attached, but by the way, Adolf Rickenbacker has created an electromagnetic guidance type at the beginning of the current electric pickup. is.

 

~ Single Coil Pick Up ~

The most popular pickup. It is a model mounted on the stratocaster. There are many noise as a feature. There are a bright, clear, rich in the overtones, etc. The basic single coil is a magnet itself, and the wire is wrapped around it (standard volume is about 6,500 to 8,000. If you talk about the difficulties of "the law of the right hand of fleming" ... Electricity is generated by the early story when the strings passing through the magnetic field of this pole piece vibrate. (I didn't talk a lot ...) The electric signal is amplified by the amplifier and comes out of the speaker as a sound. And many manufacturers are currently on sale for replacement. Here are some examples.

Seymour Duncan SSL-1

A replica model of the classic vintage strat and pickup. The sound consisting of Alnico 5 magnets (aluminum, nickel, cobalt alloy) is a vintage sound with a powerful edge. It will be a very comfortable tone when a shallow distortion of the crunch system.

Fender Vintage NOISELESS STRAT PICK UP

This is a stack type (a structure in which the coil is divided into two tiers up and down), and a ham cancellation effect can be obtained. It has a vintage strat tone from the late 1950s to the early 60s, removing the unique noise of single coils. A special POT and a condenser are included, so we recommend the specifications in a set of three.

Dimarzio DP-184 The Chopper

This is a single -sized humbucker. With a single coil -like character, it has higher output than the original humbucker. I think the mid -low range is very close to the original hambucker. A thin plate called bar / pole piece is in the vertical, which has the characteristic that the volume does not change even if the position of the strings changes due to choking etc.

 

~ Humbucking Pick Up ~

Speaking of Humbucking Pick UP, this hambucker is used in Gibson Guitar as much as Gibson. The origin was about half a century, and it was developed in 1956 by Seth Rubber, who tried to solve the noise of magnetic pickup.

The idea of ​​offsetting each other's noise by wrapping one coil in reverse. Furthermore, the electrical signal was developed with low noise and high -output pickups by opposing magnets so that they are not offset. Unlike a single coil, the pole piece is not a magnet, but a plate -type magnet under the two coils wired in series. As a feature, if wired in series, the coil induction rate will increase and the output will increase. And while it is easier to pass through low frequency, the high -frequency characteristics are worse. In other words, it sounds completely different from a single coil. The height of the coil is slightly lower and the number of wires is about 5,000. In addition, the six pole pieces can be adjusted up and down with a movable type.

Gibson Paf

1957 Gibson's first hambucker PU-490 appeared. It is called PAF by taking the acronym for the decal "Patent Applied for" on the back side. Alnico magnets are used, and WAX impregnated tends to be easy to feedback. This is the trigger of long sustain when distorted with an amplifier, and is the cornerstone of the drive rock sound.

TOM HOLMES H453 Limited

A sound inspired by Gibson's Old Paf. There is no WAX impregnation, and the magnet is used with Arnico 4 and the magnetic force is slightly stronger. In addition, the covered cover was released in the replacement pickup, which was the basis of the open type at the time, and the covers that are now processed agidly are also popular.

Dimarzio Dual Sound

Many manufacturers will release a representative pickup based on Gibson Paf, but there are many unique design pickups, pursuing original sounds like Dimarzio, and many open -type bobbin colors. 。 This model is characteristic of all 12 pole pieces and a boosting sound in the midrange. Coil tap is possible for more sound characters.

 

 

~ Other PU ~

EMG

It is now synonymous with active pickups. To be precise, the row -in dance pickup is a pick -up that is correctly and thoroughly concerned with low noise. Ordinary pickups are called high impedance pickups and have a high output with strong magnetic force and coils, and are weak to noise. The structure is that it gains output with a plenty preamplifier, and it is very strong for noise. You need a battery to drive the preamplifier. It is clear and bright sound character, which is excellent in compatibility with the distortion system.

Gibson P-90

Its history is surprisingly old around 1946. Developed by Walter Fuller and at that time the pole piece was not yet operating. The basic structure is a single coil with two Arnico magnets under bobbin. The sound has a slightly brighter thickness and has a warm feeling. It sounds different from Fender's Single Coil. In the 1990s, a model called P-100 appeared and has a structure called stack ham. The size is the same as the P-90, and the P-100 is higher for the stack structure. Also, even if it is a hambucker, it mainly aims for ham cancellation, so the sound side is a low noise version of P-90.

 

 

Let's replace the pickup. Basically, if you have the same structure (single → single, etc.), there is no need to process the guitar itself, so it is simply attached to the removed place. Let's take a strat as an example. First, let's remove the pickguard from the guitar body. Remove the two output lines connected to the jack and the ground line. If these are long enough, you will not feel inconvenience without removing them, but if it is short, it will be very difficult to work. In addition, the wiring that can be removed by removing the pickguard and placing it next to the body is not very good, because "the wiring of the guitar is as simple as the guitar wiring as much as possible." Next, remove the pickup, but it is recommended that you write down which terminals have which line they have.

And when installing a new pickup, instead of soldering one by one, all pickups are mounted on the pickguard once. I wrote earlier, "The wiring of the guitar is as clear without waste as much as possible", but the new pickup has a long lead wire, so it is better to mount it once and then adjust it to a moderate length. It fits.

It is good to bundle the lead wire in an appropriate place in a unity band. Now, be solder, but don't forget the spare solder. (Lightly plating with solder at the tip of the peeled lead wire.) This makes the solder easier to get used to soldering.

Once connected to the switch, solder three grounds on the back of Volume Pot. It is difficult other than soldering these three. It is difficult to unwind and use it for a spare solder in three lines, but it is troublesome to remove it when you want to replace only one later. It may be difficult to dissolve when reusing the previous solder. In such a case, it is easy to solve by adding a little new solder. Don't make the solder too exciting.

The replacement procedure is like this. Adjust the height of the pickup and make the sound immediately!

 

By the way, it is easy to customize POT, wiring material, condenser, etc. when replacing PU. Changing these will definitely change the sound. As an aside, Japanese -made products are overwhelmingly selected for home appliances and cars, but for some reason, USA products are overwhelmingly preferred. Probably because the genuine parts of Fender and Gibson are made of USA. Among them, CTS and CRL parts, which occupy many share, seem to be overwhelmingly popular. Domestic production is not bad ...

So ... an emergency special project! !

Until now, I've only picked up pickups, but I thought ... Have you ever decided to change the condenser? It has been featured in various fields these days, but I tried to replace the condenser that happened to be a handed person and check it. rumor? I've heard that it doesn't change almost even if you change it, or you can't tell at most of your hearing, but what about it?

* Upper left: Ceramic condenser, upper right: orange drop, lower left: oil capacitors, lower right: film capacitors

 

Ceramic condenser

It is a clear feeling without habit. I got the most balanced impression compared to the other three. Is it a standard ...

Orange drop

This gives a brighter impression than a ceramic capacitor. It feels roughly brit. When it sounds with the code, it feels jawed. Also, when I squeezed TONE, I got a mild impression than ceramic.

Oil condenser

This is also bright and clear, but it feels a little more mature than orange drops. However, it is very well balanced, such as the grain of the sound. Somehow, there is a feeling that the sound has become high -fi. When I squeezed the tone, I felt a little blurred, but it feels the best in this time.

Film capacitor

This is on a good and cheap guitar. Perhaps because of its preconception, the sound is generally light. There seems to be no glittering feeling in the high range. I felt that this was not a bit.

 

I compared the above four, but there were differences. And the difference seems to be a small difference, which is a small difference in replacing the effector. However, I felt that the change of wiring materials, solder, POT, etc. could never be neglected if they accumulated even if they were very small sound changes. Both are too easy to call remodeling, but the effect is interesting, so please try it.

What did you think? Also, look forward to the next time.

Our shop also handles many pickups and parts.

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