ギター初心者雑学書 第一巻 - TC楽器 - TCGAKKI
Heerby Telecaster Type

This time I will talk about the guitar string (strings).
The second-hand instrument store comes from Premyginger to Bandman, and from now on to customers to start guitars. Recently, there are many young students, and the opportunity to get rid of guitars has also increased, so we have a trivial element here and specially like the content that is useful for everyone I would like to come.

Guitar string
Structure of the string

It goes without saying that it is the most important and essential string instrument, including guitar.
What criteria do you choose? All stringed instruments are the same as "string vibration" and the basic structure is the same.
In the case of an electric guitar (election base), pickups are picked up and converted to electrical signals. The body and neck 'vibration characteristics' also have a very significant effect on the sound, but it is important to be stringing in the string itself.
Currently, various types of strings have been released from various manufacturers. This string is roughly divided into two types, and it is a "round string" wrapped around "plane strings" and core wire with only core wire. How do these affect stringoscopy and tone?

Guitar string
Corn line material

Electric guitar, acoustic guitar string core wire is made of steel (steel). A little scientific explained, steel (steel) is an alloy that contains about 0.04 to 1.7% carbon (carbon) as iron, the more the carbon content is more than 0.04 to 1.7%.
A "steel wire" that has a thinly processed steel is a core of the string. There are also many carbon content, such as piano waters, and highly hardness.
Importantly, the vibrational, the performance, durability, flexibility, and basically the core of the guitar strings is also used in the same piano line.
The guitar strings are hard and only strain vibration and performance are problematic, and the pitch is too soft and no string vibration is not obtained. Also, even if it is too hard, it will be easier to break. This piano line is grade according to carbon content, which affects hardness, tone, and sustain, and the material of the string configuration is very important.

>> Click here for elex string

Core line shape
This core wire has a circular core line with a circular core line. Currently, a hexagonal core called "Hexagonal Core" is mainstream.
When replacing the string yourself, let's take a look at the cut cross section! It may not be possible to solve the shape of the core wire and the winding wire.
Of course, a round core is used for "plain strings". In theory, although the string vibration is uniform when the round line is stretched straight, do you use a hexagonal core line in "Wound Strings"?
That is because the hexagonal core wire can wound a wound more firmly. Generally, the core wire is round and the roll is easy to roll, and often uniformly winding. If this is a hexagonal core wire, it is a translation that the winding tightly tightens at each vertex.
Is there a triangle or square core wire? Some people may think.
Theoretically more round is excellent in string oscillation. Then, is it octagon or sixteen corners?
This is realisticly difficult to process, and hexagonal core wire is currently common. However, not the hexagonal core wire is not good, but the material grade of the previous piano line is also an important factor. In addition, in some manufacturers, we also manufacture high quality strings using special core wires of "oval".
Wire material

Most elex guitars (election based) windings are roughly divided into "nickel" or "stainless steel". In addition, acoustic guitars include bronze strings, follow-up, follow-up.
Electric string material must be a material that responds to the magnetic force of the pickup. Even if the winding is not a magnetic material, the pickup is a magnetic force of the magnetic material. (This example is a black nylon string for the base.)
Nice, "Nickel" has magnetic properties with nickel alloys, soft metal, easy to rust, so high quality strings have overwhelmingly used nickel. The purity of nickel varies depending on the manufacturer.
On the other hand, "stainless steel" is an alloy with chrome with chrome with steel, which has difficulty to rust and is a familiar metal in everyday life. It has excellent strength, durability as a material of the string, and the magnetic reacting is also good, so it is used for inexpensive strings of the diffuse type.
If you divide "stainless steel" more finely,

13 Chrome stainless steel 13% chrome
18 Chrome stainless steel 18% of chrome
18 · 8 chrome stainless steel 18% chrome and 8% nickel

It can be divided into this way. Even if it is stainless steel, the characteristics of the strings differ depending on which stainless steel.
More than high quality nickel, stainless steel may match the characteristics of the pickup, and which is better
Although the judgment is unacceptable, there is a part that can not be said, but as with the core wire, the material of the winding is also a very important element for the guitar string.
Acoustic guitar is also used in the slap-like wind instruments, and the material mainly based on "copper alloys" such as brass (brass), such as brass (brass), which is also required to "ring", and the material of winding Most of the things are.
In the case of acupigu, the string itself "sound" and the sound are most important than the compatibility with the pickup. In order to pick up string vibration directly by piezo type pickup, etc., the raw tone string "sound" is important than the magnetic body of the strings.
Copper has high heat transfer, and has been used since ancient times as the most "material to sound".

reference: Acoustic Guitar Pickup >>

If you divide the "Copper Alloy" more detailed,

 

Brass (brass) Copper 60% zinc 40% alloy
Tie Copper 80% zinc 20% alloy
80/20 bronze Copper 80% tin 20% alloy
Phospfer Bronze Copper 98% phosphorus 2% alloy

This is divided, and Phospher Bronze will be the most popular material as an acoustic string. This alloy is a red-hearted yellow material, as gold-like brilliance, is also called "gold string", and because it has moderate flexibility and very rich high-frequency harmonics,
It is an ideal material for the raw acupuncture.

Guitar string
Winding shape

· Round Wound String

In the most typical shape, round lines are wound on the winding, most of the electric guitar (election base) and acoustic guitar. The sound quality is also sharp, rich harmonic, the contour of the sound is clear and is characterized by a blooming tone.

Guitar stringGuitar string

· Flat Wound String

The surface is smooth and tlarulated finish. There is also easy fingering with smooth touch, so touch noise is not worry.
The sound quality is a round sweet tone that cuts the high frequency, and the low band is thick but the attack is sweet, so the sustain is also slightly short. It is directed to the jazz guitar.

Guitar stringGuitar string

· Half round string

A semicircular winding is wound, and the sound quality is round and flat. Dadario is known for its own development.

Guitar string

· Half & Half String

The body side half is a round-wound string, half of the neck, a unique string using a semicircular winding (round round and flat), keeping it in a tone of the pickup and is more fingerboard. There is a characteristic of reducing smooth fingering and touch noise.

Guitar string
Ball end

The ball end is necessary to secure the strings to the tail piece, and most of the material is made of brass.
Since this ball end is in contact with the tail piece directly, it plays an important role in connecting the string vibration to the body with the bridge. Therefore, we use "ring" and good brass as a material. There is also a colored ball end, but they are plated with nickel and chrome in brass. The shape, size and thickness vary by manufacturer, but why is the hole in most ballends?

Guitar string

Actually, in the wound stroke, it was necessary to fix it to the machine because it is necessary to fix it to the machine.
There are also special ballends (bread ends, floodrose ends, loop ends, etc.), and both ends of the string also have a double ball end with a ball end.

Guitar string
Piano line material

That piano wire, which is used in the guitar of the core wire is a steel wire think I can understand you. The piano wire has a high content of carbon, has a very hard nature. But was ahead when the piano wire is graded by the content of carbon (carbon), usually, the strings of the guitar has been used many wires of the grade of "SWRS82A".
Although it will be once again become a science class (laughs)

SWRS82A
C (carbon) 0.80〜0.85%
Si (Silicon) 0.12〜0.32%
Mn (manganese) 0.30〜0.60%
P (Rin) 0.025% or less
S (sulfur) 0.025% or less
Cu (copper) 0.20% or less

The content of the carbon is not a standard as a piano wire. Moderate impurities and without strength with flexibility, I would appreciate and understand that you do not established as a guitar string to obtain the string vibration and tone.

About gauge

String of current guitar, "the chord plane" 1, 2, 3 string usually, 4, 5 and 6-string has become a "Waundo string".
But until around the 1960s, 3-string electric guitar was "Waundo string". Choking play even 3-string from the 1970s that became the general went to its current plain strings. There is also a need of hard rock scene of the time, extra light gauge of 009 to 042 is the standard, evolution and design of the instrument, due to the emergence of innovative parts, the strings of the guitar also would say that has been the evolution. The difference of gauge also affects directly the string vibration. In accordance with the gauge to be used, the width of the groove of the nut also let the adjustment. Or kink Tsukigade When the nut groove and the gauge is not correct, tuning will become unstable.

Guitar string

The ones also an unexpectedly sharp delicate because human senses, is so can feel the difference of 0.001 inches (0.0254mm)! I believe a sense of their fingertips, material that matches the play, kind, why not try to choose a manufacturer.
Let's aim to "discerning player"!

tension

Tension and is the word to refer to the "tension of the strings", but it contains the meaning of the three. "The strength that has been stretched a string," "strength of the string the nut and the bridge is pressed," "hardness of the string players feel to their fingertips."

Guitar string

These "tension" three of does not have to say is that you have each other and related to each other.
The sum of the tension that is hanging on the guitar in the light gauge
40kg, it comes out to about 70~80kg at the base. Tension as thick string gauge will be stronger, but the tension will have different depending on the material and structure of the core and windings.

Guitar string
Hari way of strings

Sound or scared, I think tuning is not are you even if you are already familiar brought in to repair the guitar or to Yasuka' crazy?
It is chosen no matter how good strings, the sound in the tension way will get changed considerably. Also not uncommon that actually there was a problem with the tension the way of strings.
After basically through the string to the bridge, it is wrapped in straight peg to not twisted. Twisting of the strings on the adverse effect on the string vibration, tuning is also easy to deviation, also becomes shorter life span in order to be easily broken. Easy deviation is tuning the greater the number of turns of the string, it will become less and the tension is insufficient. There are ways Hari such as Floyd Rose is also what a little special, but I hope if it is possible to here as a reference.

reference: Hari how course of Floyd Rose string >>

It is to be accurate and speed up the strings exchange will recommend the use of string winder.

Guitar string
Product page: String winder >>
Care of the strings

The largest natural enemies of the string is the "water", "salt". Chord with sweat or moisture for production prior to the daily practice and live will get exposed to the moisture and salt. Try to wipe the strings with the water-absorbent good cloth.

Guitar string
Product page: Cross 1 >>
  Cross 2 >>

In addition, the string that it is always a state where tension has been applied such as when you do not play the guitar a long period of time will continue to deteriorate gradually. We recommend that you leave a little to loosen the tuning including the alleviation of the burden on the neck.
Please think that it is time to replace the string if symptoms occur, such as the following.
Tuning has become difficult and
Tuning does not go mad and is fully extended string, but the sound is rounded
And surface of the strings is rust
Since the string, which celebrated the life that is no longer the core of the stiffness, tension will also be weak. Overtone is high-pitched sound is sweet deteriorated, sense of attack will have lost. In order to maintain the best condition of the guitar Let's try to make the periodic replacement of the strings.

Guitar string
Product page: Slide move >>
Electric Guitar Strings

Among the number a string of (strings) will introduce some of the typical electric guitar strings.

DADDARIO (D'Addario) EXL110
NICKEL WOUND
REGULAR LIGHT
010、013、017、026、036、046
Favorite artists
John Frusciante (Red Hot Chilli Peppers) / Greg Howe / John Scofield / Brian Setzer / Lisa Loeb / Billy Martin (Good Charlotte) / Lenny Kravitz / Brad Delson (Linkin Park) / Mathias Jabs (The Scorpions) / Trevor Rabin, other
String winding tension is at a uniform plain strings there is a core if there is Hari tension is a little strong feeling.
EXL110

DADDARIO (D'Addario) EXL115
NICKEL WOUND
BLUES / JAZZ ROCK
011、014、018、028、038、049
Favorite artists
Pat Metheny / Andy Summers, other
Since the sound is difficult to collapse sound even if distorted thick is also recommended to lock.
EXL115

DADDARIO (D'Addario) EXL120
NICKEL WOUND
SUPER LIGHT
009、011、016、024、032、042
Favorite artists
Joe Satriani / Kerry King (Slayer) / Neal Schon (Journey), other
Bright sound corresponds to a variety of play style.
EXL120

DADDARIO (D'Addario) EXL125
NICKEL WOUND
SUPER LIGHT / REGULAR
009、011、016、026、036、046
Compatibility with prone single coil of the high-frequency sound Kosi is characterized by the compatibility of the well Stratford is excellent.
EXL 125

ERNIE BALL (Ernie Ball)
NICKEL WOUND
SUPER SLINKY
009、011、016、024、032、042
Favorite artists
Jimmy Page, other
Standard model has gained overwhelming support from the top guitarist.
Personal favorite guitarist Jimmy Page (LED ZEPPELIN) also and love!
Ernie Ball

ERNIE BALL (Ernie Ball)
NICKEL WOUND
REGULAR SLINKY
010、013、017、026、036、046
Plain strings there is a feeling that was Shari' to the winding string is balanced sound features of the balance without the habit because tension is lighter.
Ernie Ball

Product List page: Electric for Strings >>
  Bass Strings >>
  Acoustic for Strings >>
Afternoon

Until the end Thank you for your relationship. Although I was allowed to charge a special feature will soon rest in the guitar with a love of you kindly read? This time the strings (strings) that are stretched all the way I tried to hit the spot.

Together with the material of the guitar body, would be appreciated with reference to choose a chord is an important factor in determining the tone. A variety of manufacturers, gauge, to it is a good idea to try the material, I think how close to the ideal of sound is also to use the same strings as the favorite guitarist.
Ahead, it might be even a new type of strings (strings) will be born with the evolution of the guitar!
It may have had just that I think the norm is for those of guitarist, I am very happy if there is content that can think in it and even one "Heh". In addition, for the people who start in the future guitar, I would like to featuring in the future the contents, such as able to serve you even a little. It was still rock vocalist in the study with respect to the guitar. m (_) m
See you next time♪

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